Nearly 1,400 Federal officers were appointed to
the rank of brevet general , brigadier or major, during the American Civil War.
A brevet has been defined as "a commission conferring upon an officer a
grade in the army additional to and higher than that which, at the time it is bestowed, he
holds by virtue of his commission in a particular corps of the legally established
military organization". It makes him eligible for assignment to duty at the rank it
confers, but without such assigment by the President it has no effect on the officers
status with respect to pay, emoluments and seniority.